Evaluating the Effectiveness of Your Threat Assessment Program

Section 3 of the School Threat Assessment Toolkit
This section describes steps for evaluating the effectiveness of a threat assessment program, including topics such as implementation fidelity and the impact of threat assessment on students.

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Section 3 Excerpt

This photo for section 3 of the toolkit features a group of three teenagers walking towards the camera in their school hallway, laughing and talking
Measuring Implementation Fidelity

The evaluation of threat assessment is particularly challenging because threat assessment requires some degree of flexibility and professional judgment. Threat assessment models offer guidelines to assist a team’s decision-making rather than a prescriptive process. Program implementation literature recommends that program developers specify core components of an intervention that are directly related to a program’s theory of change. 

Safety Outcomes

Schools should have a very low rate of violent incidents following a threat assessment. It is important for schools to document the number of threat cases they have investigated, what kinds of violent acts were threatened, and the number that resulted in some type of violent act (most often, a fight).

A welcoming, supportive school environment that fosters respect, communication, and trust is foundational to school safety. NTAC and the threat assessment models highlighted throughout this toolkit emphasize the importance of a positive school climate to threat assessment implementation and school safety.

Student Support Outcomes

Students should receive interventions and services to address the problems or concerns that are identified in the threat assessment. Teams will want to examine student outcomes to gauge the effectiveness of their efforts and identify ways to improve.

Fairness and Equity

Several studies have found little or no disparity across Black, Hispanic, and White students in the use of school suspension or law enforcement actions among students who received a threat assessment. It is important for schools to monitor and review disciplinary and law enforcement outcomes for students receiving a threat assessment.

Section 3 PDF

Topic Areas

Threat Assessment

Crisis Timeline

Prevention Planning


School Personnel

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