Behavioral Threat Assessment and Management (BTAM): Best Practice Considerations for K–12 Schools

This resource by the National Association of School Psychologists (NASP) examines the evidence-based best practices of Behavioral Threat Assessment and Management (BTAM) in a K-12 school setting. BTAM is a fact-based, systematic process designed to identify, assess, and manage potentially dangerous or violent situations. Research and best practice guidelines provided by federal entities indicate a collaborative, multidisciplinary approach to BTAM can identify effective interventions and supports that mitigate a potential threat and help the person(s) toward a more positive pathway.

The primary goal of BTAM is intervention. Violence is preventable, and school threat assessment teams are a critical component of school safety.

In addition to an overview of BTAM, this publication provides eight steps to help implement a high-quality BTAM process through the following steps:

  1. Establish a Multidisciplinary Threat Assessment Team
  2. Define Prohibited and Concerning Behaviors
  3. Develop a Central Reporting Mechanism
  4. Determine the Threshold for Law Enforcement Intervention
  5. Establish Assessment Procedures
  6. Develop Risk Management Options
  7. Create and Promote Safe School Climates
  8. Conduct Training for All Collaborators

To read the full report or download a PDF, click the button in the sidebar.

Full Report & PDF

Topic Areas

Threat Assessment

Crisis Timeline

Prevention Planning


Mental Health Professionals, School Personnel

Publications, Reports