Behavioral Threat Assessment and Management (BTAM): Best Practice Considerations for K–12 Schools
This resource by the National Association of School Psychologists (NASP) examines the evidence-based best practices of Behavioral Threat Assessment and Management (BTAM) in a K-12 school setting. BTAM is a fact-based, systematic process designed to identify, assess, and manage potentially dangerous or violent situations. Research and best practice guidelines provided by federal entities indicate a collaborative, multidisciplinary approach to BTAM can identify effective interventions and supports that mitigate a potential threat and help the person(s) toward a more positive pathway.
The primary goal of BTAM is intervention. Violence is preventable, and school threat assessment teams are a critical component of school safety.
In addition to an overview of BTAM, this publication provides eight steps to help implement a high-quality BTAM process through the following steps:
- Establish a Multidisciplinary Threat Assessment Team
- Define Prohibited and Concerning Behaviors
- Develop a Central Reporting Mechanism
- Determine the Threshold for Law Enforcement Intervention
- Establish Assessment Procedures
- Develop Risk Management Options
- Create and Promote Safe School Climates
- Conduct Training for All Stakeholders
To read the full report or download a PDF, click the button in the sidebar.